Major Publications

Ralf Trapp "The use of chemical weapons in Syria: implications and consequences", in: B. Friedrich et al. (eds) 
One hundred years of chemical warfare - research, deployment, consequences, Springer 2017, pp. 363-375 (DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-51664-6_19)
Ralf Trapp "Living with chemicals: how to prevent their use for hostile purposes and mitigate chemical risks", in: A. Martellini, A. Malizia (eds) Cyber and Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, Explosive Challenges, Terrorism, Security and Computation. Springer 2017 pp. 357-383 (DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-62108-1_18)
John Hart and Ralf Trapp "Backsliding Bashar?", CBRNe WORLD April 2017, pp. 48-49

Ralf Trapp "The EU's CBRN Centers of Excellence Initiative after six years", EU Non-Proliferation Consortium, Non-Proliferation Papers No. 55 (February 2017)

Oliver Meier and Ralf Trapp "Russia's chemical terrorism proposal: Red herring or useful tool?", Bull. Atomic Scientist (7 June 2016)

Iris Hunger, Jez Littlewood, Caitriona McLeish, Piers Millett and Ralf Trapp "Roundtable: The future of biothreat governance", in Filippa Lentzos (Ed.) "Biological Threats in the 21st Century", Imperial College Press 2016

Ralf Trapp "Lessons learned from the OPCW Mission in Syria", Report to the OPCW Director-General, 16 December 2015

Ralf Trapp "The investigation into the Islamic State and chemical weapons"  Justice and Security Blog 27 October 2015

Ralf Trapp "The role of industry in promoting biosecurity: a case study of the convergence of chemistry and biology:, Chapter 9 of: Simon Whitby, Tatyana Novossiolova, Gerald Walther and Malcolm Dando "Preventing Biological Threats: What YouCan Do -A guide to biological security issues and how to address them", Bradford Disarmament Research Centre 2015, available for download here

Walter Krutzsch, Eric Myjer and Ralf Trapp (Eds.) "The Chemical Weapons Convention - A Commentary" (Oxford University Press 2014)

Ralf Trapp "Convergence at the intersection of chemistry and biology - implications for the regime prohibiting chemical and biological weapons", Policy Paper No. 6, Biochemical Security 2030 Project (Bath University),  July 2014

Ralf Trapp "Abrüstung im Bürgerkrieg - Zur Beseitigung des syrischen CW-Programms", WeltTrends No. 96 (Mai/Juni 2014), vol. 22, pp. 113-23.

Ralf Trapp "Elimination of the Chemical Weapons Stockpile of Syria", J. Conflict & Secuity Law, vol. 19, No. 1 (2014), pp. 7-23.

Jean Pascal Zanders and Ralf Trapp "Ridding Syria of Chemical Weapons: Next Steps", Arms Control Today vol. 43 no.9 (November 2013), pp. 8-14

Ralf Trapp - Bericht, C-Waffen-Übereinkommen: Dritte Überprüfungskonferenz, Vereinte Nationen No. 4 (2013), pp. 129-131

Ralf Trapp "Science, technology, convergence and the CWC", Non-proliferation Monthly, issue 78 / special issue 2013/11 (2013), pp. 9-10

Ralf Trapp "Research, development and production: impact and challenges for the future", in: Jean Pascal Zanders (ed.) The future of the CWC in the post-destruction phase, EU ISS Report No. 15 (2013), pp. 15-27

Mohamed Daoudi, John Hart, Ajey Lele and Ralf Trapp "The future of the Chemical Weapons Convention" SIPRI policy paper number 35 (April 2013)

Katie Smallwood, Ralf Trapp, Robert Mathews, Beat Schmidt and Lev K. Sydnes "Impact of scientific developments on the Chemical Weapons Convention (IUPAC Technical Report)", Pure Appl. Chem. Vol. 85, No. 4 (2013), pp. 851-881.

Ralf Trapp "Technologiekooperation und Stärkung des BWÜ" (Technology cooperation and strengthening the BWC) Wissenschaft und Frieden Dossier 70, No. 2(2012), pp. 8-9

John Hart and Ralf Trapp "Science, technology and the Biological Weapons Convention" Arms Control Today, October 2012, pp. 15-21

Ralf Trapp "The OPCW in transition: from stockpile elimination to maintaining a world free of chemical weapons" Disarmament Forum (UNIDIR), volume 1 (2012), pp. 41-53

Ralf Trapp "Synthesis of peptide bioregulators", in: Jonathan B. Tucker (ed.) "Innovation, dual use, and security" MIT Press Cambridge MA and London UK (2012), pp. 173-85

John Hart and Ralf Trapp "Science and technology and their impacts on the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention" SIPRI December 2011

Ralf Trapp "Incapacitating chemical agents - how to control abuse?" in: Federal Office for Civil Protection (Switzerland): Proceedings of the technical workshop on incapacitating chemical agents, Spiez, Switzerland, 8-9 September 2011, pp.53-55

Caitriona McLeish and Ralf Trapp "The life science revolution and the BWC - Reconsidering the science and technology review process in a post-proliferation world" Non-Proliferation Review Vol. 18, No. 3 (2011), pp. 527-543

Ralf Trapp "Potential strategies and recommendations for addressing potential negative implications from the development and use of 'incapacitating chemical agents'" ICRC, Proceedings of the expert meeting "Incapacitating chemical agents - implications for international law", Montreux, Switzerland, 24-26 March 2012, pp. 65-68

Ralf Trapp "Best practices: advising the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention about trends in science and technology" in: John L Finney and Ivo Slaus (eds.) "Assessing the threat of weapons of mass destruction - the role of independent scientists" NATO science for peace and security series E: human and societal dynamics, vol. 61; IOS Press 2010, pp. 174-188

Ralf Trapp "The Chemical Weapons Convention a Decade after its Entry into Force - Challenges and Opportunities"Japanese Yearbook of International Law, International Law Association of Japan  vol. 52 (2009), pp. 127-157

Scott Spence and Ralf Trapp "A brief comparison of the Biological and the Chemical Weapons Conventions" in: Kathryn McLaughlin and Kathryn Nixdorf (ed.) BioWeapons Prevention Project Biological Weapons Reader, pp. 45-52

Ralf Trapp “The duality of chemistry: Chemistry for peaceful purposes versus chemical weapons” Pure Appl. Chem., Vol. 80, No. 8, pp. 1745–1754, 2008

Ralf Trapp “Advances in Science and Technology and the Chemical Weapons Convention” Arms Control Today Vol. 38, No.2, March 2008, pp. 18-22

Mahdi Balali-Mood, Pieter S. Steyn, Leiv K. Sydnes and Ralf Trapp “Impact of scientific developments on the Chemical Weapons Convention (IUPAC Technical Report)” Pure Appl. Chem., Vol. 80, No. 1(2008), pp. 175–200

Ralf Trapp "The first ten years"; in Ian R Kenyon and Daniel Feakes (eds.) "The creation of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons", TMC Asser Press 2007, pp. 261-289

Ralf Trapp "Maintaining honesty: Article IX", in Ian R Kenyon and Daniel Feakes (eds.) "The creation of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons", TMC Asser Press 2007, pp. 223-238

Ralf Trapp (ed.) "OPCW Academic Forum Conference Proceedings", Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael, TNO Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (2007)

Scott Spence and Ralf Trapp "The Chemical Weapons Convention - the Second Review Conference and beyond" RUSI 2008

Ralf Trapp “Worldwide governmental efforts to locate and destroy chemical weapons and weapons materials: minimizing risk in transport and destruction”, in: M. Mehlman, M. Soffritti, P. Landrigan, E. Bigham and F. Belpoggi “Living in a chemical world – framing the future in the light of the past”, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1076 (2006), pp.527-539

Mohamed Daoudi and Ralf Trapp “Verification under the Chemical Weapons Convention”, in: R. Avenhaus, N. Kyriakopolous, M. Richard and G. Stein “Verifying treaty compliance – limiting weapons of mass destruction and monitoring Kyoto Protocol provisions”, Springer Berlin-Heidelberg 2006 (pp.77-106)

Ralf Trapp “The Chemical Weapons Convention – multilateral instrument with a future”, in: R. Thakur and E. Haru “ The Chemical Weapons Convention – Implementation, challenges and opportunities”, United Nations University Press Tokyo, 2006 (pp. 15-43)

Walter Krutzsch and Ralf Trapp “Verification Practice under the Chemical Weapons Convention – A Commentary”, Kluwer Law International, The Hague-London-Boston 1999

Walter Krutzsch and Ralf Trapp “A Commentary on the Chemical Weapons Convention”, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht-Boston-London 1994

Ralf Trapp “Verification under the Chemical Weapons Convention: On-site inspection in Chemical Industry Facilities”, SIPRI chemical and biological warfare studies No. 14, Oxford University Press 1993

Ralf Trapp “Chemical Weapons Free Zones?”, SIPRI chemical and biological warfare studies No. 7, Oxford University Press 1987

Ralf Trapp “The detoxification and natural degradation of chemical warfare agents”, SIPRI chemical and biological warfare studies No. 3, Oxford University Press1984

Ralf Trapp “Wie sicher ist der Frieden? – Massenvernichtungswaffen und Abrüstung” (How secure is the peace? – weapons of mass destruction and disarmament) Urania-Verlag Leipzig-Berlin-Jena 1983

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